See Course Descriptions for information on required courses.

General Biology/Liberal Arts Concentration
Cell/Molecular Biology Concentration
Ecology, Aquatic Biology and Fishery Science Concentration
Plant Sciences Concentration
Dual Degree in Forestry
Biology Minor

  0204
Biology

Faculty
Mary D. Balcer, Professor (Aquatic Ecology)
Edward W. Burkett, Professor (Terrestrial Ecology)
Donald W. Davidson, Professor (Botany)
Christopher P. Kemnitz, Assistant Professor (Physiology)
Robert D. Morden, Professor (Health/Education)
Jeffrey A. Schuldt, Assistant Professor (Fishery Science)
Ralph W. Seelke, Professor (Cell/Molecular Biology)

Part-Time Staff
Larry T. Brooke, Senior Scientist, LSRI (Aquatic Ecology/Toxicology)
Kurt L. Schmude, Assistant Scientist, LSRI (Invertebrate Biology)
Matthew TenEyck, Lecturer

Program Description
Biology has many specialty areas and exciting career opportunities. The Biology faculty will guide you in selecting a program of study that best suits your interests and goals. The Biology curriculum leads to either a B.S. or B.A. degree. A minor field of study is required as well as completion of one of the biology concentrations described below.

Required courses have been selected to broadly educate our students, while the specific courses within each concentration help focus your study in specialized areas. The four concentrations include General Biology/Liberal Arts; Cell/Molecular Biology; Ecology/Aquatic Biology/Fishery Science; and Plant Sciences. Prospective high school biology teachers should follow the general Biology/Liberal Arts concentration, taking note of the special requirements of the Teacher Education Department. Students with an interest in medical health care delivery (chiropractic, dentistry, medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy, physical therapy, physician assistant, podiatry, and veterinary medicine) will find the Biology curriculum provides a comprehensive background that enables students to apply for professional health programs as well as other programs in the medical area.

The Biology program is strengthened by the environmental resources of the Lake Superior region and by close working relationships with regional research laboratories. Field and laboratory research experience and internships are provided through cooperation with UW-Superior's Lake Superior Research Institute, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, and faculty research grants.

The freshman Biology sequence (BIOL 111 and BIOL 112) MUST be completed with a minimum grade of C- prior to enrollment in Biology courses numbered over 300. Credit may be awarded to high school students who have taken Advanced Placement Courses and scored well on the exams. Courses numbered over 400 should be taken during the junior or senior year, and the formal plan for the internship or research project must be approved by the end of the second semester of the junior year.

Biology Major

General Biology/Liberal Arts Concentration
Recommended for students with a broad or general interest in biology, secondary school teaching, medical school, or medical professional programs. Students should consult their advisors in selecting electives appropriate to their professional interest. (Advisors: all biology faculty)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:

BIOL 111 General Botany       4 credits
BIOL 112 General Zoology     4 credits
BIOL 330 Genetics                 4 credits
BIOL 340 Ecology                  4 credits
BIOL 440 Cell Biology            4 credits

One of the following Organismal Biology courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 270 Human Anatomy and Physiology
BIOL 280 Human Anatomy and Physiology
BIOL 309 Phycology and Mycology
BIOL 310 Plant Morphology
BIOL 315 Plant Physiology
BIOL 380 Vertebrate Biology
BIOL 400 Animal Physiology

One of the following Population Biology courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 300 Marine Biology
BIOL 305 Evolution
BIOL 430 Animal Behavior
BIOL 484 Fish Population Ecology

One of the following Systematics courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 325 Plant Taxonomy
BIOL 335 Aquatic Entomology
BIOL 355 Microbiology
BIOL 360 Parasitology
BIOL 365 Entomology
BIOL 367 Ornithology
BIOL 382 Ichthyology

One of the following Capstone Experience courses (one to four credits):

BIOL 491 Undergraduate Research
BIOL 492 Biology Seminar
BIOL 496 Internship

In addition to 34 credits of biology, 9 credits of chemistry are required

CHEM 105 General Chemistry I      5 credits
CHEM 106 General Chemistry II     4 credits

One semester of calculus and a year of physics are recommended for students interested in graduate school.
 

Secondary Education:
Prospective teachers must follow the General Biology-Liberal Arts Concentration above. At least seven credits of the total Biology sequence must be in animal science (A) and at least seven credits must be in plant science (P). These courses are identified with (A) or (P) in the Course Description section of this catalog. All teachers must meet the Professional Education requirements including a course in the history and philosophy of science (see Teacher Education section of this catalog).

Cell/Molecular Biology Concentration
Cell and molecular biologists study basic life processes, seeking to understand them at the molecular level. Graduates from this concentration often go on to graduate, medical or professional schools, or work in the pharmaceutical or biotechnology industries. The courses in this concentration expose students to a variety of techniques and areas of study and also provide the opportunity for independent research. (Advisor: Seelke)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:

BIOL 111 General Botany                                                             4 credits
BIOL 112 General Zoology                                                            4 credits
BIOL 330 Genetics                                                                        4 credits
BIOL 340 Ecology                                                                         4 credits
BIOL 440 Cell Biology                                                                   4 credits
BIOL 355 General Microbiology                                                     4 credits
BIOL 465 Laboratory Techniques in Cell and Molecular Biology     2 credits

One of the following courses (three or four credits):

BIOL 315 Plant Physiology
BIOL 318 Immunology
BIOL 400 Animal Physiology

One of the following Capstone Experience courses (one to four credits):

BIOL 491 Research
BIOL 492 Biology Seminar
BIOL 496 Internship

In addition to 34 credits of biology, 9 credits of chemistry are required:

CHEM 105 General Chemistry I       5 credits
CHEM 106 General Chemistry II     4 credits

A Chemistry minor and additional courses in mathematics and physics are strongly recommended.

Additional recommended courses:

CHEM 360 Introduction to Biochemistry
MATH 130 Elementary Statistics

Ecology, Aquatic Biology and Fishery Science Concentration
Faculty expertise and the Lake Superior region contribute to the development of both classroom and nonclassroom learning experiences in the area of ecology, aquatic biology and fishery science. Recommended for students interested in careers in aquatic biology, ecology, field biology, resource management, or natural resource education. (Advisors: Balcer, Burkett, Schuldt)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:

BIOL 111 General Botany       4 credits
BIOL 112 General Zoology     4 credits
BIOL 330 Genetics                 4 credits
BIOL 340 Ecology                  4 credits
BIOL 440 Cell Biology           4 credits
 

One of the following Systematics courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 325 Plant Taxonomy
BIOL 335 Aquatic Entomology
BIOL 365 Entomology
BIOL 367 Ornithology
BIOL 382 Ichthyology
 

One of the following Organismal Biology courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 315 Plant Physiology
BIOL 380 Vertebrate Biology
BIOL 400 Animal Physiology
BIOL 431 Animal Behavior
 

One of the following Population Biology courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 300 Marine Biology
BIOL 305 Evolution
BIOL 350 Limnology
BIOL 484 Fish Population Ecology
 

One of the following Capstone Experience courses (one to four credits):

BIOL 491 Undergraduate Research
BIOL 492 Biology Seminar
BIOL 496 Internship
 

In addition to 34 credits of biology, 9 credits of chemistry are required:

CHEM 105 General Chemistry I      5 credits
CHEM 106 General Chemistry II     4 credits

Recommended electives: Additional advanced courses in mathematics, statistics, computer science, and physics. (See your advisor.)

Plant Sciences Concentration
Rich in forests as well as other plant communities, northwestern Wisconsin provides an excellent setting for the study of plants. This concentration is recommended for students interested in botany or other plant science careers. (Advisor: Davidson)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:

BIOL 111 General Botany       4 credits
BIOL 112 General Zoology     4 credits
BIOL 330 Genetics                 4 credits
BIOL 340 Ecology                  4 credits
BIOL 440 Cell Biology            4 credits
 

One of the following courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 309 Phycology and Mycology
BIOL 310 Morphology of Plants
BIOL 315 Plant Physiology
 

One of the following courses (three to four credits):

BIOL 260 General Forestry
BIOL 325 Plant Taxonomy
BIOL 312 Biogeography

One of the following Capstone Experience courses (one to four credits):

BIOL 491 Undergraduate Research
BIOL 492 Biology Seminar
BIOL 496 Internship
 

In addition to 34 credits of biology, 9 credits of chemistry are required.

CHEM 105 General Chemistry I      5 credits
CHEM 106 General Chemistry II     4 credits
 

Recommended courses include:

BIOL 305 Evolution
BIOL 365 Entomology
GEOL 360 Surficial Processes and Soils

Dual Degree in Forestry
The Dual Degree Program between the University of Wisconsin-Superior and Michigan Technological University establishes a plan under which an undergraduate student may attend UW-Superior for three academic years and Michigan Technological University for up to two academic years. After completing the academic requirements of the respective cooperating institutions, the student shall be awarded a Bachelor's degree with a major in Biology from UW-Superior, and a Bachelor's degree in Forestry from Michigan Technological University. (Advisor: Davidson)

For a student to be admitted and enrolled for courses at Michigan Technological he or she must have:

1. Completed three-fourths of the credits required for a degree from UW-Superior. (See advisor for specific course requirements.)

2. A recommendation from the designated official at UW-Superior.

3. A grade point average and specified test results which are consistent with Michigan Technological University's usual requirements.

Biology Minor
The minor in Biology requires completion of a minimum of 22 credits in Biology. Only credits allowed toward a major are allowed for the minor.

Required courses include:

BIOL 111 General Botany
BIOL 112 General Zoology
BIOL 330 Genetics
BIOL 340 Ecology

Note: CHEM 105 is a prerequisite for BIOL 330.
 

See course descriptions for more information on required courses.