General Biology/Liberal Arts Concentration
Cell/Molecular Biology Concentration
Ecology, Aquatic Biology and Fishery Science Concentration
Plant Sciences Concentration
Dual Degree in Forestry

Biology Minor

Biology

Faculty
Mary D. Balcer, Professor, Aquatic Ecology
Edward W. Burkett, Professor, Terrestrial Ecology
Donald W. Davidson, Professor, Botany
Christopher P. Kemnitz, Associate Professor, Physiology
Robert D. Morden, Professor, Health/Education
Jeffrey A. Schuldt, Assistant Professor, Fishery Science
Ralph W. Seelke, Professor, Cell/Molecular Biology

Part-Time Staff
Kurt L. Schmude, Assistant Scientist, LSRI, Invertebrate Biology
Matthew TenEyck, Lecturer, Aquatic Toxicology

Biology has many specialty areas and exciting career opportunities. The Biology faculty will guide you in selecting a program of study that best suits your interests and goals. The Biology curriculum leads to either a Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts degree. A minor field of study is required as well as completion of one of the biology concentrations described below.

Required courses have been selected to broadly educate our students, while the specific courses within each concentration help focus your study in specialized areas. The four concentrations include General Biology/Liberal Arts; Cell/Molecular Biology; Ecology/Aquatic Biology/Fishery Science; and Plant Sciences. Prospective high school biology teachers should follow the General Biology/Liberal Arts concentration, taking note of the special requirements of the Teacher Education Department. Students with an interest in medical health care delivery (chiropractic, dentistry, medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy, physical therapy, physician assistant, podiatry, and veterinary medicine) will find the Biology curriculum provides a comprehensive background that enables students to apply for professional health programs as well as other programs in the medical area.

The Biology program is strengthened by the environmental resources of the Lake Superior region and by close working relationships with regional research laboratories. Field and laboratory research experience and internships are provided through cooperation with UW-Superior's Lake Superior Research Institute, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, and faculty research grants.

The freshman Biology sequence (BIOL 130 and BIOL 132) must be completed with a minimum grade of C prior to enrollment in Biology courses numbered over 300. Credit may be awarded to high school students who have taken Advanced Placement Courses. For scores greater than 3.5, credit will be awarded for BIOL 130 and 132. For scores of 3 to 3.5, credit will be awarded for BIOL 130. Courses numbered over 400 should be taken during the junior or senior year, and the formal plan for the internship or research project must be approved by the end of the second semester of the junior year.

Biology Major

(General Biology/Liberal Arts Concentration)
Recommended for students with a broad or general interest in biology, secondary school teaching, medical school, or medical professional programs. Students should consult their advisors in selecting electives appropriate to their professional interest. (Advisors: all biology faculty)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:
BIOL 130     General Biology I              4 credits
BIOL 132     General Biology II             4 credits
BIOL 330     Genetics                            4 credits
BIOL 340     Ecology                             4 credits
BIOL 440     Cell Biology                      4 credits

One of the following Physiology/Organismal Biology courses:
BIOL 270     Human Anatomy and Physiology
  4 credits
BIOL 280     Human Anatomy and Physiology 4 credits
BIOL 310     Plant Morphology 4 credits
BIOL 315     Plant Physiology 4 credits
BIOL 400     Animal Physiology 4 credits
BIOL 481     Neurobiology  3 credits

One of the following Population Biology courses:
BIOL 260     General Forestry 3 credits
BIOL 300     Marine Biology
3 credits
BIOL 305     Evolution 3 credits
BIOL 312     Biogeography 3 credits
BIOL 350     Limnology 3 credits
BIOL 431     Animal Behavior 3 credits
BIOL 484     Fish Population Ecology 4 credits

One of the following Systematics courses:
BIOL 309     Phycology and Mycology 4 credits
BIOL 325     Plant Taxonomy
4 credits
BIOL 335     Aquatic Entomology 3 credits
BIOL 355     General Microbiology 4 credits
BIOL 360     Parasitology 4 credits
BIOL 365     Entomology 4 credits
BIOL 367     Ornithology 3 credits
BIOL 380     Vertebrate Biology
3 credits
BIOL 382     Ichthyology 3 credits

One of the following Capstone Experience courses:
BIOL 491     Undergraduate Research
1-4 credits
BIOL 492     Biology Seminar 1 credit
BIOL 496     Internship 1-4 credits

In addition to 34 credits of biology, nine credits of chemistry are required
CHEM 105     General Chemistry I  5 credits

CHEM 106     General Chemistry II  4 credits

One semester of calculus and a year of physics are recommended for students interested in graduate school.

(Secondary Education)

Prospective teachers must follow the General Biology-Liberal Arts Concentration above. At least three credits of the total Biology sequence must be in animal science (A) and at least three credits must be in plant science (P). These courses are identified with (A) or (P) in the Course Description section of this catalog. All teachers must meet the Professional Education requirements (see the Teacher Education section of this catalog).

(Cell/Molecular Biology Concentration)
Cell and molecular biologists study basic life processes, seeking to understand them at the molecular level. Graduates from this concentration often go on to graduate, medical or professional schools, or work in the pharmaceutical or biotechnology industries. The courses in this concentration expose students to a variety of techniques and areas of study and also provide the opportunity for independent research. (Advisor: Seelke)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:
BIOL 130     General Biology I  4 credits

BIOL 132     General Biology II   4 credits
BIOL 330     Genetics   4 credits
BIOL 340     Ecology 4 credits
BIOL 440     Cell Biology  4 credits
BIOL 355     General Microbiology  4 credits

BIOL 465     Laboratory Techniques in Cell and Molecular Biology  2 credits

One of the following courses:
BIOL 315     Plant Physiology
4 credits
BIOL 318     Immunology 3 credits
BIOL 400     Animal Physiology 4 credits

One of the following Capstone Experience courses:
BIOL 491     Research
1-4 credits
BIOL 492     Biology Seminar 1 credit
BIOL 496     Internship 1-4 credits

In addition to 34 credits of biology, nine credits of chemistry are required:
CHEM 105    General Chemistry I 5 credits

CHEM 106     General Chemistry II 4 credits

A Chemistry minor and additional courses in mathematics and physics are strongly recommended.

Additional recommended courses:
CHEM 360     Introduction to Biochemistry
MATH 130     Elementary Statistics

(Ecology, Aquatic Biology and Fishery Science Concentration)
Faculty expertise and the Lake Superior region contribute to the development of both classroom and nonclassroom learning experiences in the area of ecology, aquatic biology and fishery science. Recommended for students interested in careers in aquatic biology, ecology, field biology, resource management, or natural resource education. (Advisors: Balcer, Burkett, Schuldt)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:
BIOL 130     General Biology I  4 credits

BIOL 132     General Biology II 4 credits
BIOL 330     Genetics 4 credits
BIOL 340     Ecology 4 credits
BIOL 440     Cell Biology 4 credits

One of the following Systematics courses:
BIOL 309     Phycology and Mycology 4 credits
BIOL 325     Plant Taxonomy
4 credits
BIOL 335     Aquatic Entomology 3 credits
BIOL 365     Entomology 4 credits
BIOL 367     Ornithology 3 credits
BIOL 380     Vertebrate Biology 3 credits
BIOL 382     Ichthyology 3 credits

One of the following Physiology courses:
BIOL 315     Plant Physiology
4 credits
BIOL 400     Animal Physiology 4 credits

One of the following Population Biology courses:
BIOL 260     General Forestry 3 credits
BIOL 300     Marine Biology
3 credits
BIOL 305     Evolution 3 credits
BIOL 312     Biogeography 3 credits
BIOL 350     Limnology 3 credits
BIOL 431     Animal Behavior 3 credits
BIOL 484     Fish Population Ecology
4 credits
 
One of the following Capstone Experience courses (one to four credits):
BIOL 491     Undergraduate Research
1-4 credits
BIOL 492     Biology Seminar 1 credit
BIOL 496     Internship 1-4 credits
 
In addition to 34 credits of biology, 9 credits of chemistry are required:

CHEM 105     General Chemistry I 5 credits

CHEM 106     General Chemistry II 4 credits

Recommended electives: Additional advanced courses in mathematics, statistics, computer science, and physics. (See your advisor.)

(Plant Sciences Concentration)
Rich in forests as well as other plant communities, northwestern Wisconsin provides an excellent setting for the study of plants. This concentration is recommended for students interested in botany or other plant science careers. (Advisor: Davidson)

A minimum of 34 credits of Biology, including:
BIOL 130     General Biology I 4 credits

BIOL 132     General Biology II  4 credits
BIOL 330     Genetics  4 credits
BIOL 340     Ecology 4 credits
BIOL 440     Cell Biology 4 credits

One of the following courses:
BIOL 309     Phycology and Mycology
4 credits
BIOL 310     Morphology of Plants 4 credits
BIOL 315     Plant Physiology 3 credits

One of the following courses (three to four credits):
BIOL 260     General Forestry
3 credits
BIOL 325     Plant Taxonomy 4 credits
BIOL 312     Biogeography 3 credits

One of the following Capstone Experience courses (one to four credits):
BIOL 491     Undergraduate Research
1-4 credits
BIOL 492     Biology Seminar 1 credit
BIOL 496     Internship 1-4 credits

In addition to 34 credits of biology, nine credits of chemistry are required.
CHEM 105     General Chemistry I 5 credits

CHEM 106     General Chemistry II 4 credits
 
Recommended courses include:

BIOL 305     Evolution

BIOL 365     Entomology
GEOL 360     Surficial Processes and Soils

Dual Degree in Forestry
The Dual Degree Program between the University of Wisconsin-Superior and Michigan Technological University establishes a plan under which an undergraduate student may attend UW-Superior for three academic years and Michigan Technological University for up to two academic years. After completing the academic requirements of the respective cooperating institutions, the student shall be awarded a Bachelor's degree with a major in Biology from UW-Superior, and a Bachelor's degree in Forestry from Michigan Technological University. (Advisor: Davidson)

For a student to be admitted and enrolled for courses at Michigan Technological he or she must have:

  1. Completed three-fourths of the credits required for a degree from UW-Superior. (See advisor for specific course requirements.)
     
  2. A recommendation from the designated official at UW-Superior.
     
  3. A grade point average and specified test results which are consistent with Michigan Technological University's usual requirements.

Biology Minor
The minor in Biology requires completion of a minimum of 22 credits in Biology. Only credits allowed toward a major are allowed for the minor.

Required courses include:
BIOL 130     General Biology I
4 credits
BIOL 132     General Biology II 4 credits
BIOL 330     Genetics 4 credits
BIOL 340     Ecology 4 credits

Note: CHEM 105 is a prerequisite for BIOL 330.

See course descriptions for more information on required courses.