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Legal Studies (LSTU)


115 Law and Human Behavior (3) Provides a general framework of knowledge, ideas and thought -- mainstream and critical -- regarding the assumptions, structures, actors, operation, intentions and outcomes of the American legal system. Interdisciplinary liberal arts course exploring the effects of law on and in our society from past (history), present (sociology and politics) and future (critical) perspectives. Law now pervades most of what we think, do and believe in the United States. This course will help illuminate how and why that happens. SS06, F06 (tentative), F07


117 Paralegalism and Ethics (3) Explores the field of paralegalism, introduction to law, legal procedures and paralegal skills and legal ethics. Prerequisite: LSTU 115. Prerequisite can be waived through advisor permission. S07


210 Criminal Procedure and Evidence (3) Study of the criminal justice process. Issues of search, seizure and arrest, pretrial and motions practice, jury trial and evidentiary rules; historical basis and evolution of the various aspects of the criminal justice process. Cross-listed as CJUS 210. S07, S08


211 Criminal Law (3) The legal definition of crime and defenses; purposes and function of the substantive criminal law; historical foundations; the limits of criminal law. Cross-listed as CJUS 211. F06, F07


220 Civil Procedure (3) Survey of the civil litigation process in state and federal courts, including form and content of documents used in instituting, prosecuting and defending lawsuits. S06


221 Administrative Law (2) Review of federal, state and local administrative agencies including form and content of documents used in instituting, prosecuting and defending lawsuits. SS06, SS08


222 Probate, Wills, and Trusts (2) Fundamental principles of the law of disposition of property inter vivos and after death; introduction to the techniques of estate planning. F07


223 Family Law (2) The law of family relation, including marriage, annulment, dissolution, judicial separation, alimony, legitimacy of children, custody and adoption, community property and non-marital relationships. S06, S08


224 Personal Injury Litigation (2) Study of torts, including negligence, defenses, strict liability, nuisance, defamation and product liability. F07


225 Real Property (2) Basic principles of real property law, including leases, conveyances, contracts of sale, zoning, mortgages and the landlord-tenant relationship. S07


227 Creditors' Remedies/Debtors' Rights (2) Bankruptcy and wage-earner plans; alternatives to bankruptcy; collection procedures; negotiations with creditors, post-discharge responsibilities. SS07

228 Contract Law (2) Consideration of the principles of the law of contracts and reinstitution; briefing and discussion of leading contract cases. Contract formation; enforceability; performance and breach; plaintiff's remedies and third-party interests. S07


230 U.S. National, State and Local Government (4) Structure of American government on the national, state and local levels; federalism; behavior patterns of public officials; modes of citizen participation. Meets DPI requirements. Not open to Political Science majors. Cross-listed as POLS 230. F06, S07


261 Contemporary Issues Law and Society (3) Explores the relationship between the legal system, law and courts and current, controversial issues in society. Students will research and debate in class 20 issues of contemporary significance in American society regarding law. Students will be encouraged to consider the differential impact of issues on various disempowered and minority groups in the United States and around the world, where relevant. Fulfills General Education Social Science-Contemporary Society category. Cross-listed as requirements POLS 261. S06, S07


268 Alternative Dispute Resolution (3) Explores the comparisons and contrasts between the adversary system of American law, the settlement/negotiation model and the Alternative Dispute Resolution movement, including institutions, processes, costs, theoretical approaches and justifications, historical development; theories, practice and skill/training development of alternatives to litigation including mediation, arbitration, mini-trials, etc. F06, F07


301 Study Abroad (0-6) Field trips designed by the PLJ faculty to give students direct experiences in foreign countries. Each program includes preparatory reading, orientation meetings, a faculty-supervised study tour, and a detailed written evaluation of learning situations associated with the course. With consent of the relevant program and content adaptation, programs provided by other agencies can be considered for this credit. Students must obtain approval for taking these courses prior to participation. Otherwise the course may not count. For specific degree requirements students must consult their advisor. May be repeated if content is different. On demand.


303 Environmental Law and Regulation (3) Explores the ethics of and inter-relationships between environmental issues and governmental action as well as conservation, preservation and management of natural resources through public policy relation to government and the role of morality and legislation in matters of individual choice. Cross-listed as PHIL/POLS 303. S07


305 Methods of Legal Research and Basic Legal Writing (3) Introduction to legal research, including legal resources and computerized legal data research; practice with use of treatises, texts, digests, reporter systems, citation resources, encyclopedias, legal periodicals and government documents; introduction to basic principles of legal analysis and writing principles. F06, F07


306 Methods of Legal Writing and Argumentation (3) Advanced course in legal research, writing and argumentation skills. Pre-requisite: LSTU 305. S06, S07


312 Gender, Crime, and Justice (3) Exploration of the social construction of gender in crime and delinquency as well as in justice systems; analysis of how assumptions about female and male natures, appropriate roles and positions in society affect the interpretation and application of law; comparison of women/girls and men/boys as offenders, victims and practitioners. Cross-listed as CJUS 312/512; WST 312. F06, F07


316 Crime, Corrections and Punishment (3) Survey of philosophical, historical, sociological, psychological and political aspects of the American prison and related programs in the criminal justice system; problems of inmate culture, control, supervision and treatment are emphasized through analysis of penal institutions and treatment/release programs. Cross-listed as CJUS 316/516. S08


321 Judicial Process (3) Operation of the judicial process within the context of the criminal and legal system. Examines judicial process as a mediator of social change, mitigator of social conflict and mechanism of dispute resolution. Explores how courts and judges interpret, make and enforce the law, the role of various officers of the court (including lawyers), the processes and procedures of litigation, compliance and enforcement challenges and external social and political influences on the courts. Cross-listed as CJUS/POLS 321/521. F07


333 Legal Rhetoric and Argument (3) Theories and practices of argument logic, evaluation, construction and presentation in the legal realm. Students will read key theories and have numerous practice experiences to hone their rhetoric skills. F07


354 Jurisprudence (3) History of philosophical consideration of law, its means and ends; focus on special problems in contemporary legal philosophy such as conflicting theories of punishment, the natural law/positivist debate, individual rights in relation to government and the role of morality and legislation in matters of individual choice. Cross-listed as PHIL 354; POLS 354/554. 


363 Comparative Law and Courts (3) Examines judicial systems found in different cultures and countries of the world including the American (as well as English) common law, European civil (code) law, Islamic justice, Chinese socialist, American Indian legal systems (various tribes), African tribal justice, Indian/Pakistani law courts, etc. S07


365 Race, Class, Gender, the Law and Politics (3) Explores how the law has interacted with, impacted and affected race, ethnicity, gender and class issues in the United States context. Students read and criticize key legal cases, explore arguments made in legal settings about race/ethnicity/class/gender, examine the areas of silence or inaction by the law and assess the current interconnection between race, ethnicity, class, gender and the law. Fulfills diversity requirement of General Education. Cross-listed as POLS 365. S08


410 First Nations Law (3) First Nations Law examines the unique relationship between Indigenous tribes of the United States and the United States government through the context of tribal sovereignty. Explores the impact of the Supreme Court and the court's interpretation of legislation and judicial decisions of the past. Explore the future of the domestic dependent nations status and tribal sovereignty. Prerequisite FNS/POLS 151 or instructor consent. Cross-listed as FNS 410. S08


431 International Law: Human Rights and War Crime (3) Development of modern international law; sources and types of law; rights of states, corporations and individuals; the laws of war and peace "war crimes" and "crimes against humanity"; and the crime of genocide. Main substance of the course covers human rights and war crimes. Cross-listed as CJUS 431 POLS 431. F07


450 U.S. Constitutional Law I (3) Survey of the origin and development of the U.S. Constitution using Supreme Court cases which define the powers of the Supreme Court, Congress and the president; the relationship between the national government and the individual states. Cross-listed as POLS 450. F06, F07


451 U.S. Constitutional Law, Part II - Civil Liberties and Criminal Process (3) Study of the constitutional principles concerning the relations between the individual and the government; an inquiry into selected civil rights and civil liberties decisions of the Supreme Court; consideration of the requirements of due process and criminal procedure necessary to safeguard the constitutional rights of criminal suspects and defendants. Cross-listed as CJUS/POLS 451. S07, S08


463 Juvenile Justice System (3) Examination of the social dimensions of juvenile delinquency: its nature, extent, distribution and patterns; evaluation of theories and explanations of delinquent causation; consideration of the legal processing of delinquents; programs of prevention and treatment of delinquents. Recommended: CJUS 396. Cross-listed as CJUS/POLS 463/663. S07, S08


467 Public Administration (3) Theory and practice of public administration; principles of administrative organization; decision-making methods and rules; bureaucratic reform; current theory and practice of personnel management in government. Cross-listed as POLS 467.


471 Family Law Mediation (3) Theory and practices of conflict resolution and mediation in the area of family law relationships (including but not limited to custody, parenting, visitation, divorce settlement issues). Meets the 40-hour State of Minnesota Rule 14 requirements for qualified neutral training in facilitative mediation and the 25-hour mediation training requirement under State of Wisconsin. Special Term offering. SS07


472 Civil Law Mediation (2) Theory and practice of mediation and conflict resolution in the civil law. Meets the 30-hour requirement for State of Minnesota Rule 114 qualified neutral status in civil law facilitative mediation. SS07


473 Domestic Abuse, Diversity and Other Challenges of Mediation (2) Examines the theory and practice of conflict resolution and mediation, with special emphasis on the challenges posed in situations involving domestic abuse, power imbalances, diversity and multicultural situations. Meets the six-hour requirement under State of Minnesota Rule 114 for qualified neutral domestic abuse training and six hours of multicultural training. SS07


474 Mediation in Education (2) Theory and practices of mediation in the education context including student to faculty, faculty to faculty, faculty to administration and communities of education. SS07


475 Transformative Mediation (2) Explores the field of transformative mediation including empowerment and recognition principles, core skills and role play opportunities. SS08


476 Tribal Mediation and Conflict Resolution (2) Explores the field of tribal mediation practices including traditional ways of resolving conflict and tribal ritual/practice in community discussion. Explores tribal context and assumptions as it relates to conflict resolution. SS08


477 Restorative Justice (2) Explores the field of restorative justice including key assumptions, core practices (conferencing, circling, facilitation), and applications.  Explores comparisons with the current criminal justice system model. SS08


478 Workplace Dispute Resolution (2) Explores the field of workplace dispute resolution including key assumptions, core practices, key ideas of negotiation in workplace matters, labor-management relations and applications. SS08


479 Ethics and State Regulation of Mediation (1) Explores the ethical codes of conduct for mediation, the state regulatory schemes for conflict regulation and the professional expectations for mediators. SS07


485 Internship Capstone Experience (3) A structured and focused field experience in a legal studies-related placement. Students will be assigned various duties by supervising placement contact, keep a log/journal of activities and prepare a 12- to 15-page analysis paper at end of the internship exploring how in-field experience complemented, supplemented and challenged the student's academic education. Handout and contract agreed to with instructor prior to internship beginning. General Education requirements: Since the internship is both an independent learning experience and a capstone experience, the course satisfies the requirements of Category C. Prerequisites: only students with a Legal Studies major/minor or paralegal certificate-seeking students may enroll. Consent of instructor required before registering. Students should notify instructor in writing of their interest in doing an internship early in the semester before the semester of the actual field experience. On demand.


497 Special and Student-Initiated Seminars (1-3) Specially designed seminar or student-initiated seminar when there is sufficient interest or a special topic to examine. For more information, contact Dr. Cuzzo, Sundquist 335. Topics: Conflict Resolution, Circling as Conflict Resolution, Appreciative Inquiry, Facilitating Effective Groups, Difficult Conservations. On demand.


499 Independent Research/Applied Skills (1-3) Section 1: Mock Trial. Applied skills course experience for those participating in competitive Mock Trial/Mock Mediation/Moot Court. Spring semester each year. Section 2: General Research. For students pursuing independent and advanced research projects under the supervision of a faculty member on a topic and consistent with a plan mutually agreed to between instructor and student. Also can be used for applied skills experiences that are equivalent to academic credit experiences within judgment of instructor of Legal Studies courses. On demand. Course can be repeated for up to six credits toward graduation although only three credits count toward major/minor requirements. S07, S08