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Legal Studies (LSTU)


115 Law and Human Behavior (3) Provides a general framework of knowledge, ideas and thought--mainstream and critical--regarding the assumptions, structures, actors, operation, intentions and outcomes of the American legal system. Interdisciplinary liberal arts course exploring the effort of law on and in our society from past, present and future perspectives. Law now pervades most of what we think, do and believe in the United States. This course will help illuminate how and why that happens. F08, S09, F09, S10


117 Paralegalism and Ethics (3) Explores the field of paralegalism, introduction to the law, legal procedures and paralegal skills and legal ethics. S09, S10


210 Criminal Procedure and Evidence (3) Study of the criminal justice process. Issues of search, seizure and arrest, pretrial and motions practice, jury trial and evidentiary rules; historical basis and evolution of the various aspects of the criminal justice process. Cross-listed as CJUS 210. S09, S10


211 Criminal Law (3) The legal definition of crime and defenses; purposes and function of the substantive criminal law; historical foundations; the limits of criminal law. Cross-listed as CJUS 211. F08, F09


220 Civil Procedure (3) Survey of the civil litigation process in state and federal courts, including form and content of documents used in instituting, prosecuting and defending lawsuits. S09, S10


221 Administrative Law (2) Review of federal, state and local administrative agencies including form and content of documents used in instituting, prosecuting and defending lawsuits.


222 Probate, Wills, and Trusts (2) Fundamental principles of the law of disposition of property inter vivos and after death; introduction to the techniques of estate planning. S10


223 Family Law (2) The law of family relation, including marriage, annulment, dissolution, judicial separation, alimony, legitimacy of children, custody and adoption, community property and non-marital relationships. F09


224 Personal Injury Litigation (2) Study of torts, including negligence, defenses, strict liability, nuisance, defamation and product liability.


225 Real Property (2) Basic principles of real property law, including leases, conveyances, contracts of sale, zoning, mortgages and the landlord-tenant relationship. F08


227 Creditors’ Remedies/Debtors’ Rights (2) Bankruptcy and wage-earner plans; alternatives to bankruptcy; collection procedures; negotiations with creditors, post-discharge responsibilities.


228 Contract Law (2) Consideration of the principles of the law of contracts and reinstitution; briefing and discussion of leading contract cases. Contract formation; enforceability; performance and breach; plaintiff’s remedies and third-party interests. S09


230 U.S. National, State and Local Government (4) Structure of American government on the national, state and local levels; federalism; behavior patterns of public officials; modes of citizen participation. Meets DPI requirements. Not open to Political Science majors. Cross-listed as POLS 230. F08, S09


261 Contemporary Issues in Law and Society (3) Explores the relationship between the legal system, law and courts and current, controversial issues in society. Students research and debate 20 issues of contemporary significance in American society regarding law. Students encouraged to consider the differential impact of issues on various disempowered and minority groups in the United States and around the world, where relevant. Fulfills General Education Social Science-Contemporary Society category. S09, S10


268 Alternative Dispute Resolution (3) Explores the comparisons and contrasts between the adversary system of American law, the settlement/negotiation model and the Alternative Dispute Resolution movement, including institutions, processes, costs, theoretical approaches and justifications, historical development; theories, practice and skill/training development of alternatives to litigation including mediation, arbitration, mini-trials, etc. Cross-listed as CJUS 268. F08, F09


301 Study Abroad (0-6) Field trips designed by department faculty to give students direct experiences in foreign countries. Each program includes preparatory reading, orientation meetings, a faculty-supervised study tour, and a detailed written evaluation of learning situations associated with the course. With consent of the relevant program and content adaptation, programs provided by other agencies can be considered for this credit. Students must obtain approval for taking these courses prior to participation. Otherwise the course may not count. For specific degree requirements, consult your advisor. Course can be repeated only if content is different.


303 Environmental Law and Regulation (3) Explores the ethics of and inter-relationships between environmental issues and governmental action, as well as conservation, preservation and management of natural resources through public policy relation to government and the role of morality and legislation in matters of individual choice. Cross-listed as PHIL 303. F08, S09, F09, S10


305 Methods of Legal Research and Basic Legal Writing (3) Introduction to legal research, including legal resources and computerized legal data research; practice with use of treatises, texts, digests, reporter systems, citation resources, encyclopedias, legal periodicals and government documents; introduction to basic principles of legal analysis and writing principles. F08, F09


306 Methods of Legal Writing and Argumentation (3) Advanced course in legal research, writing and argumentation skills. S09, S10


312 Gender, Crime, and Justice (3) Exploration of the social construction of gender in crime and delinquency as well as in justice systems; analysis of how assumptions about female and male natures, appropriate roles and positions in society affect the interpretation and application of law; comparison of women/girls and men/boys as offenders, victims and practitioners. Cross-listed as CJUS/WST 312. F08, F09


316 Crime, Corrections and Punishment (3) Survey of philosophical, historical, sociological, psychological and political aspects of the American prison and related programs in the criminal justice system; problems of inmate culture, control, supervision and treatment are emphasized through analysis of penal institutions and treatment/release programs. Cross-listed as CJUS 316. S10


321 Judicial Process (3) Operation of the judicial process within the context of the criminal and legal system. Examines judicial process as a mediator of social change, mitigator of social conflict and mechanism of dispute resolution. Also explores how courts and judges interpret, make and enforce the law, the role of various officers of the court (including lawyers), the processes and procedures of litigation, compliance and enforcement challenges and external social and political influences on the courts. Cross-listed as CJUS/POLS 321. F09


333 Legal Rhetoric and Argument (3) Theories and practices of argument logic, evaluation, construction and presentation in the legal realm. Students read key theories and have numerous practice experiences to hone their rhetoric skills. S10


354 Introduction to Jurisprudence (3) History of philosophical consideration of law, its means and ends; focus on special problems in contemporary legal philosophy such as conflicting theories of punishment, the natural law/positivist debate, individual rights in relation to government and the role of morality and legislation in matters of individual choice. Cross-listed as PHIL 354. F08


363 Comparative Law and Courts (3) Examines judicial systems found in different cultures and countries of the world including the American (as well as English and Australian) common law, European civil (code) law, Islamic justice, Chinese socialist, American Indian legal systems (various tribes), African tribal justice, Indian/Pakistani law courts, etc. S09


365 Race, Class, Gender, the Law and Politics (3) Explores how the law has interacted with, impacted and affected race, ethnicity, gender and class issues in the United States context. Students read and criticize key legal cases, explore arguments made in legal settings about race/ethnicity/class/gender, examine the areas of silence or inaction by the law and assess the current interconnection between race, ethnicity, class, gender and the law. Fulfills diversity requirement of General Education. F09


367 Public Administration (3) Theory and practice of public administration; principles of administrative organization; decision-making methods and rules; bureaucratic reform; current theory and practice of personnel management in government. Cross-listed as POLS 367. F09


410 First Nations Law (3) Examines the unique relationship between indigenous tribes of the United States and the United States government through the context of tribal sovereignty. Explores the impact of the Supreme Court and the court’s interpretation of legislation and judicial decisions of the past. Also explores the future of the domestic dependent nations status and tribal sovereignty. Prerequisite FNS/POLS 151 or instructor consent. Cross-listed as FNS 410. S10


431 International Law: Human Rights and War Crime (3) Development of modern international law; sources and types of law; rights of states, corporations and individuals; the laws of war and peace “war crimes” and “crimes against humanity”; and the crime of genocide. Main substance covers human rights and war crimes. Cross-listed as CJUS/POLS 431. F09


450 U.S. Constitutional Law I (3) Survey of the origin and development of the U.S. Constitution using Supreme Court cases which define the powers of the Supreme Court, Congress and the President; the relationship between the national government and the individual states. Cross-listed as POLS 450. F08, F09


451 U.S. Constitutional Law, Part II-Civil Liberties and Criminal Process (3) Study of the constitutional principles concerning the relations between the individual and the government; an inquiry into selected civil rights and civil liberties decisions of the Supreme Court; consideration of the requirements of due process and criminal procedure necessary to safeguard the constitutional rights of criminal suspects and defendants. Cross-listed as CJUS/POLS 451. S09, S10


463 Juvenile Justice System (3) Examination of the social dimensions of juvenile delinquency: its nature, extent, distribution and patterns; evaluation of theories and explanations of delinquent causation; consideration of the legal processing of delinquents; programs of prevention and treatment of delinquents. Recommended: CJUS 396. Cross-listed as CJUS 463. S09, S10


471 Family Law Mediation (3) Theory and practices of conflict resolution and mediation in the area of family law relationships (including but not limited to custody, parenting, visitation, divorce settlement issues). Meets the 40-hour State of Minnesota Rule 14 requirements for qualified neutral training in facilitative mediation and the 25-hour mediation training requirement under State of Wisconsin. Summer 2009


472 Civil Law Mediation (2) Theory and practice of mediation and conflict resolution in the civil law. Meets the 30-hour requirement for State of Minnesota Rule 114 qualified neutral status in civil law facilitative mediation. Summer 2009


473 Domestic Abuse, Diversity and Other Challenges of Mediation (2) Examines the theory and practice of conflict resolution and mediation, with special emphasis on the challenges posed in situations involving domestic abuse, power imbalances, diversity and multicultural situations. Meets the six-hour requirement under State of Minnesota Rule 114 for qualified neutral domestic abuse training and six hours of multicultural training. Summer 2009


474 Mediation in Education (2) Theory and practices of mediation in the education context including student to faculty, faculty to faculty, faculty to administration and communities of education. Summer 2009


475 Transformative Mediation (2) Explores the field of transformative mediation including empowerment and recognition principles, core skills and role play opportunities. Summer 2008


476 Tribal Mediation/Conflict Resolution (2) Explores the field of tribal mediation practices including traditional ways of resolving conflict and tribal ritual/practice in community discussion. The course will explore tribal context assumptions as it relates to conflict resolution. Summer 2008


477 Restorative Justice (2) Explores the field of restorative justice including key assumptions, core practices (conferencing, circling, facilitation), and applications. Comparisons with the current criminal justice system model will be explored. Summer 2008


478 Workplace Dispute Resolution (2) Explores the field of workplace dispute resolution including key assumptions, core practices, key ideas of negotiation in workplace matters, labor-management relations and applications. Summer 2008


479 Ethics and State Regulation of Mediation (1) Explores the ethical codes of conduct for mediation, the state regulatory schemes for conflict regulation and the professional expectations for mediators. Summer 2009


485 Internship Capstone Experience (3) A structured and focused field experience in a legal studies-related placement. Students will be assigned various duties by supervising placement contact, keep a log/journal of activities and prepare a 12-15 page analysis paper at end of internship exploring how in-field experience complemented, supplemented and challenged the student's academic education Handout and contract agreed to with instructor prior to internship beginning. General Education Requirements: since the internship is both an independent learning experience and a capstone experience, the course satisfies the requirements of Category C. Prerequisites: only students with a Legal Studies major/minor or paralegal certificate seeking students may enroll. Consent of instructor must be obtained before registering for the course. Students should notify instructor in writing of their interest in doing an internship early in the semester before the semester of the actual field experience. On demand.


488 Mediation/Conflict Resolution Practicum (2) Provides a final experience for those enrolled in the mediation/conflict resolution certificate program or and individualized minors utilizing this course in applying the theory of conflict resolution/mediation to the sets of practices learned through the 19 credit curriculum.  Using video taping, immediate assessment and multiple role plays and scenarios, students will have a final opportunity to practice their skills sets with academic and professional evaluation prior to completing the certificate program.  Reflects the academic department's commitment to theory and practice education.  Prerequisites: completion of other required curriculum for CDD Mediation/Conflict certificate prior to taking this course. On demand.


497 Special and Student-Initiated Seminars (1-3) This is a specially designed seminar or student-initiated seminar when there is sufficient interest or a special topic to examine. For further information, contact Dr. Cuzzo, Sundquist 335. On demand.


499 Independent Research/Applied Skills (1-3) 499-1: Mock Trial. Applied skills course experience for those participating in competitive Mock Trial/Mock Mediation/Moot Court. Spring semester each year. 499-2/699-2 General Research. For students pursuing independent and advanced research projects under the supervision of a faculty member on a topic and consistent with a plan mutually agreed to between instructor and student. Also can be used for applied skills experiences that are equivalent to academic credit experiences within judgment of instructor of Legal Studies courses. On demand. Course can be repeated for up to six credits toward graduation although only three credits count toward major/minor requirements.