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Assessment is the assessment of the environmental impact of a given product
or service throughout its life span. This includes all production inputs, use
and disposal. It allows comparison of all biogeophysical effects of
products and services, and informing a design process to lessen negative
information in Life Cycle Assessment, contact Sustainability
Life Cycle Analysis
The Life Cycle of a CD or DVD
An EPA produced online poster that shows the life
cycle analysis of a CD or DVD.
Life Cycle of a Jean
Levi Strauss &
Company’s Life Cycle Assessment of its Jeans.
Life Cycle Assessment of the Stonyfield Farm Product
This is a 233 page
PDF from the Center for Sustainable Systems at the
University of Michigan.
Sustainable Manufacturing 101 Module
The Sustainable Manufacturing 101 Module is designed
to familiarize companies, particularly
small-to-medium-size manufacturers, with key
concepts, approaches, strategies, terminology and
regulations related to sustainable manufacturing.
The modules guide users through sustainable
manufacturing’s various aspects to help companies
identify opportunities for savings and value
enhancements throughout the production cycle and
supply chain. The module is divided into six
distinct lessons, each of which can be downloaded
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Cycle Assessment Links
Life Cycle Assessment Links
A resource list and compendium of links about life cycle assessments.
EIO-LCA: Free, Fast, Easy Life Cycle Assessment
The Carnegie-Mellon tool page.
The Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA)
method estimates the materials and energy resources
required for, and the environmental emissions
resulting from, activities in our economy. The
EIO-LCA method was theorized and developed by
economist Wassily Leontief in the 1970s based on his
earlier input-output work from the 1930s for which
he received the Nobel Prize in Economics.
Researchers at the Green Design Institute of
Carnegie Mellon University operationalized
Leontief's method in the mid-1990s, once sufficient
computing power was widely available to perform the
large-scale matrix manipulations required in
real-time. This website takes the EIO-LCA method
and transforms it into a user-friendly on-line tool
to quickly and easily evaluate a commodity or
service, as well as its supply chain. The results
from the EIO-LCA model and this website are free for
non-commercial use and may not be used in other
derivative works or websites without permission.
An example of a Life-Cycle Assessment on-line
calculator, for assessing the energy input and
carbon foot-print of a product.
American Center for Life Cycle Assessment
A professional organization.
Sustainability Constraints as System
Boundaries: An Approach to Making Life-Cycle
By Ny, et al, Journal of Industrial Ecology,
Vol. 10 number 1-2, p 61-77.
This article looks at the relationships between The
Natural Step, life-cycle management, and strategic management.
The International Standards Organization (ISO)
includes Life Cycle Analysis in its 14040 standard
(Environmental Management). Detailed information
Life Cycle Assessment – EPA
From the US EPA’s
National Risk Management
Research Laboratory's Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
website. The LCA 101 document,
entitled "Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and
Practice," provides an introductory overview of
cycle assessment and describes the general uses and
major components of LCA.
Life Cycle Assessment – Distance Education Course
This is a course
produced by Dr. Oliver Joilett and Dr. Gregory A.
Norris for the Harvard School of Public Health.
International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment
Journals can be
read free online.
The Institute for Environmental Research and
The Institute for
Environmental Research and Education (IERE) is a
not-for-profit organization that seeks to
disseminate comprehensive, fact-based research for
use in the development of responsible environmental
policy, programs and decisions.
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Life Cycle Assessment Software
There are a growing number of Life Cycle Assessment
(LCA) software packages
available. Software can be important, given the
complexity of LCA study subjects. Due to the different
legal frameworks in the European Union (EU) and in the U.S.,
some software features that can be used in the EU
may not function in the U.S.
To web search, try these
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